It publishes basic research, with an emphasis on translating the latest research results into practical applications for clinicians and health care practitioners. The indications for, and efficacy of, each of these approaches are reviewed. Assistive technology might help them with both requirements. Therefore, if an individual is to become accomplished at the practice of mindfulness, they must familiarize themselves with the absolute mode in which the present moment abides. In addition, it examines the characteristics of developmentally disabled populations and offers guidelines for choosing suitable technologies. Assistive Technology for Postsecondary Students with Disabilities; Russell Lang, Sathiyaprakash Ramdoss, Jeff Sigafoos, Vanessa Green, Larah van der Meer, Amy Tostanoski, Allyson Lee, Mark O'Reilly.
The participants also seemed to enjoy their exercise sessions, showing extensive signs of positive personal involvement during those sessions ; ;. Communication disorders are common among people with intellectual disabilities. Setting: Rehabilitation and care facilities that the participants attended. . Conclusions: A program based on readily available technology may be functional to support leisure and communication in people like the participants of this study. Their use of the SoF practice was correlated with decreased perceived psychological stress for their spouses and caregivers, as well as for the participants, but to a much smaller degree.
It presents empirical evidence on the advances in improving interaction with caregivers, control of the home environment, handling self-care tasks, and other core skills. His research interests include behavioral and psychopharmacological treatments of individuals with disabilities, assistive technology for supporting individuals with severe and profound multiple disabilities, and mindfulness. Pilot studies using technology-aided programs to promote verbal reminiscence and mild physical activity i. Assistive Technology for Individuals with Learning Disabilities; Diane P. Assistive Technologies for Improving Quality of Life; Giulio E. For such recording, the research assistants relied on videos of the sessions.
Study 2 extended the assessment of the program for promoting mild physical activity with 10 new participants for whom arm-raising responses were targeted. Finally, staff and families a had expressed their support for a technology-aided program that would promote a leg response through the delivery of preferred stimulation contingent on that response and prompts in case of passivity, and b believed that such a program could be beneficial and enjoyable given the stimulation opportunities available for the participants ; ; ;. Prior to this position, he spent many years at the Department of Psychology, University of Leiden, The Netherlands. Eighty-four university psychology students and 42 care and health professionals were involved in the social validation check. During the post-intervention phase of the study i. Dunne 2011; Kang and Whittingham 2010 , Monteiro et al. Preference checks and brief interviews indicated that participants and families liked the program.
Interventions currently in use and in experimental stages are surveyed in terms of how they work and their applicability to clients with various needs. The scope and depth of coverage makes Assistive Technologies for People with Diverse Abilities an invaluable resource for researchers, professionals and graduate students in developmental psychology, rehabilitation medicine, educational technology, occupational therapy, speech pathology and clinical psychology. While the reliability of the six individual three-item subscales was only marginally acceptable, the reliability of the total interval-transformed score was excellent. A computer system presented the participants stimulus samples. Caregivers often manage the aggressive behavior of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities that reside in community group homes. Intervention During the intervention sessions, the technology provided stimulation and prompts while recording both responses and prompts see above. The technology included: a a smartphone Samsung Galaxy A3 fitted with Android 6.
The second version was assessed with three participants, who possessed only basic choice and activity skills, and presented the leisure stimuli individually and did not include the tablet. Attention and learning difficulties with special focus on college students. Mulloy, Cindy Gevarter, Megan Hopkins, Kevin S. These two single-case studies extended the research in the latter area. Over time, staff members assigned to manage the aggressive behaviors of these individuals are repeatedly injured, have to take time off work, become highly stressed, and eventually find alternative employment. The technology consisted of a Galaxy S-3 mini smartphone by Samsung with the application of a the talking alarm program for providing verbal instructions about the single activities scheduled for two participants or b the photo alarm program for providing vibration alerting combined with pictorial instructions about the activities for the third participant.
Results: The tele-health technology was used successfully to teach the teachers how to personally use and then teach the SoF procedure to their students in a face-to-face school setting. Specifically, Study I assessed a program for promoting independent stimulation choice in four post-coma persons who combined motor and speech disabilities with disorders of consciousness i. These results, which are consistent with pilot findings in this area , may lead to a number of considerations. In this chapter, we consider the difference between recovery and recovery-oriented care, the impetus for moving to recovery-oriented services, and what the basic principles of such care would entail. The participants were taught to use the smartphone open the files and reach the partners through specific verbal utterances. These results a extend previous evidence on the use of visual instructions and computer-aided programs for supporting their presentation and b have clear practical implications for daily contexts.
While pharmacological and behavioral interventions have been the treatments of choice, sometimes the pharmacological treatments are not very effective or the behavioral interventions are so labor intensive that parents fail to implement them consistently, thus leading to treatment failure and parental stress. The care and health professionals rated the technology-aided programme as beneficial for the participants' positive engagement and social image, fairly practical for daily contexts and interesting from a personal standpoint. Assistive Technology examines interventions that are innovative, respectful of the dignity of clients, and practical for ongoing use, including: - Microswitches in habilitation programs. During the post-intervention phase i. Lancioni, Jeff Sigafoos, Russell Lang, Olive Healy, Nirbhay N. This study assessed one such program in which choice of stimulus events was used as adaptive responding for three adults with multiple disabilities.
Specifically, Study 1 upgraded the program for verbal reminiscence and assessed it with eight new participants. This paper provides an overview of microswitch-based programs for persons with multiple disabilities. Efforts to promote communication in persons with multiple disabilities have largely focused on enabling them to make requests to their immediate caregivers and to exchange text messages or phone calls with distant partners. Its comprehensive literature review describes current and emerging devices and presents evidence-based guidelines for matching promising technologies to individuals. ConclusionA smartphone intervention, such as that used in this study, may help people with mild-to-moderate intellectual disability and sensory impairments to successfully engage in daily activities. The number of sessions was decided prior to the start of the study with the stipulation that a participant would be provided with extra sessions if his or her response frequency was above three and presented an increasing trend.
In addition, it examines the characteristics of developmentally disabled populations and offers guidelines for choosing suitable technologies. Following an explication of the emptiness principle, this chapter elucidates the practice of mindfulness of emptiness and includes a discussion of i its theoretical and scriptural provenance, ii how to practice mindfulness of emptiness, and iii its role in the wider context of the Buddhist path to spiritual awakening. The baseline phase included two or three sessions for Participants 1, 2, 6, and 7, and four or five sessions for the other participants. Sessions, Leg Response, Technology, Stimulation, and Data Recording Sessions lasted 5 min and were carried out two to six times a day, on an individual basis, in quiet areas of the centers in which the participants lived. The training in mindfulness-based practices was paired with applications to their interactions with their adolescent children using a positive behavior support model, whereby the mothers learned how to apply behavioral contingencies with intuitive awareness. Assistive Technology for Students with Visual Impairments and Blindness; Austin M. The ordinate values vary across participants.