American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences. Today, it is more of an outlet to express one's identity, self esteem, and status as well as fulfill emotional needs. Definition Work used to be seen as a drudgery and a means to only pay the bills. Counselors thus seem to be a vital and desired component of the computer-assisted guidance process. Term What is the term used to describe a person who has a lifelong pattern of severe anxiety related to decision making and can make deciding on a career extremely difficult? Definition 50% Term What are the 3 factors of Victor Vroom's motivation and management expectancy theory? Definition pioneering guidelines for running a behavior modiofication token economy Term What theory to explain career development organizes information into 3 systems of predictive, value, and decision? Term Who started the Boston Vocational Bureau in 1908 and is credited with beginning the guidance movement? Definition Robert Hoppock Term What are 3 trait-oriented theories of career counseling? Definition Trait-and-factor Theory Term Who expanded upon Frank Parson's model of vocational counseling and was the spokesperson for the Minnesota Viewpoint? Definition Parsons and Williamson Term True of false? Definition pervasive indecisiveness Term What percentage of college students have career difficulties? Career development: Designing our career machines. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 1960, 38, 740- 745. Developing a career information system.
Achievement tests measure your adeptness current level of ability at a skill. Definition 6-10 year Term What are the 3 stages of developmental career theory with ages? Instead, choice was seen as open ended and life-long Term Who is the most popular developmental career theorist? Definition Also known as the Self-Directed Search, this test, developed by John Holland, was created to help those who did not have access to professional career counseling. Definition service, business, organization, or general cultural Term According to Roe's theory, if a person gravitates away from people, which filed of occupation would they likely gravitate toward? Definition behavioral Term What are 2 popular behavioral techniques used in career counseling? Personnel and Guidance Journal, 1962, 41, 126- 132. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1969, 16 5 , 460- 462. Term What is the term for a woman that transitions from homemaker to a job outside the home? Journal of Career Development, 18 4 , 315-322.
Decisions About Occupations and Jobs. Individual needs are most important in determining an individual's fit for a wrok environment. Definition He believes that career counseling is needed more than personal counseling and that career counseling is more difficult than performing individual personal counseling. However, no differences in impact have been found, even when potential moderator variables have been taken into account. Definition Trait-and-factor approach Term What career choice appraisal or test is based on Holland's model? The vocational maturity of ninth-grade boys. Journal of Educational Measurement, 1972, 9, 1- 11.
Factor analysis in a test development program. Definition It is oversimplified and it assumes that a person's traits can be measured so accurately that an occupation is a one time process. Definition early child rearing practices Term What are the 8 occupational fields identified by Ann Roe in her theory for career counseling? New York: Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1960. There are 6 personality types 2. Definition Edwin Bordin Term Who was a psychoanalytic career theorist who saw sublimation as a major influence on career choice? Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973, pp.
It was developed according to an explicit model, derived from a particular rationale for guidance, using modern technology to amplify the practice of career guidance. Definition Krumboltz Term On whose work did Krumboltz base his social learning approach to career development? Vocational Guidance Quarterly, 3, 137-144. Definition Career Term What is the term used to describe activites one engages in for pleasure rather than money? The Harvard studies in career development in current perspective. General Recognition of Students' Needs for Guidance. The options represent the content of this book, and the sorting represents the process.
This book weaves together theory principles, propositions, rationales, and models , research and development. Definition The notion in psychology that speed, skill, and retentions would decrease in old age. However, many of these systems have become obsolete or are simply not commonly used. The name and nature of vocational guidance. Recapitulation of Needs and Purposes. Definition The concept that career choice was irreversible was abandoned. Definition A woman with children who was a homemaker, but now needs to work outside of the home to support her family.
American Psychologist, 1953, 8, 185- 190. Decisions and values: A rationale for secondary school guidance. It is self administered, self scored, and self interpreted. Definition They are based on middle-class to upper-middle-class white males who are heterosexual and not disabled only. Definition an occupational sex-role stereotyping that can limit a woman's career. Definition Trait-and-factor theory Term What is considered the first major and durable theory of career choice? A critical analysis of the literature concerning the process of occupational choice in high school boys Harvard Career Studies, No. Definition work, leisure, and style of living Term What is another word for leisure or interests and activities outside of work? It is this issue to which this entry will now turn.
The ends represent the person psychological characteristics and society economic resources, structure, and institutions. Components of Career Decision Making. Definition personalities Term Name a career interest inventory using Holland's occupational model as the framework around which its results are structured? Dual-income families have more leisure time than single-income families. All segments of the arch are held together through learning theory and social learning theory. Thought, choice, and action: Processes of exploration and commitment in career development. Definition 1 overprotective 2 avoidant 3 acceptant A person will develop a personality that either gravitates towards people or away from people Term According to Roe's theory, if a person gravitates towards people, what field of occupation are they likely to move toward? A and B Ethno cultural heritage, racial and ethno cultural identities, gender and sexual orientation and socioeconomic status; Family or origin and multigenerational history, family scripts, individual and family life-cycle development and stages, client's languages and those spoken by family of origin Who makes the following statement about culture? This seems likely given that Valpar has committed to revising the program regularly, rather than just once a year as it has been in the past. The Counseling Psychologist, 11 4 , 65-74.
Term What is a criticism of Trait-and-factor theory? Term What is the compensatory effect? It is a computer program designed to help people make informed career decisions via self-assessments and in-depth, current educational and job information. Definition When a person's work spills over into other areas of his or her life off the job. People search out those environments that let them act out their personlity type 4. Reprint series from Personnel and Guidance Journal. Definition American Personnel and Guidance Association Term What does lifestyle include? Term What source provides an index for level and patterns of abilities and reinforcers that different occupations provide? Definition developmental approaches Term Who suggested that a personality approach to career choice is based on the premise that a job satisfies and unconscious need? These interventions have been utilized with numerous career clients, despite having relatively little research support for their efficacy. The Minnesota Occupational Rating Scales. Review of Educational Research, 1969, 39 2 , 127- 140.