Heobserved that in years of prosperity, a considerable lending of capitalfrom older industrial countries to new countries helped to create employ-ment in the new countries. They came from all sectors of the economyrural and urbanand responded to both cyclical and structural changes in British society. An important feature of Emigration from the United Kingdom to America is the extensive surname index of ships' passengers included in each volume. An important feature of Emigration from the United Kingdom to America is the extensive surname index of ships' passengers included in each volume. Presented in chronological order by each ship's date of arrival, these passenger lists provide the names of ships, ports of departure, and arrival and debarkation dates. The English rate of emigration was among the highestin Europe and fluctuated around a century long upward trend to the firstWorld War that peaked in the 1880s and after 1905 see Figure I. .
The passenger listsreproduced in these volumes, as in earlier series on the Famine Irish, Ger-mans, Italians, and Russians to America are arranged in chronologicalorder by date of arrival. Each volume in the Immigration to America series presents information from the original ship manifest schedules, or passenger lists, filed by all vessels entering U. And the emigration offarmers and skilled craftsmen was eclipsed by other groups after 1850. The English emigrants in the northeast began to increase after theCivil War. The researcher can also locate data regarding a person's age, sex, and occupation, as well as village of origin and destination when reported.
Registered in England and Wales. The original passenger lists transcribed by shipping agents and ship's officers and filed by all vessels entering U. Welsh miners went to the bituminousmining regions in western Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, andOhio. The remainder came through Ellis Island between 1900 and 1924. Heavy emigration reduced population pressure on resources. June 1880-December 1880 Control code 19332995 Dimensions 24 cm Extent volumes Isbn 9780810867871 Isbn Type v. Canadian demographers have recently estimated that over oneand a half million arrivals to Canada emigrated to the United Statesbetween 1840 and 1900 and nine hundred thousand between 1901 and 1930.
In the following years, both immigra-tion and emigration would decline, but the decline in emigration wouldprecede the decline in immigration. Under the Passenger Act of1853, British lists separated English, Welsh, Scottish, and Irish passengersaccording to destination, age, and sex. She has done path-breaking workwith a steady stream of books and papers that have changed in fundamental ways how wethink about emigration history. This series on Emigration from the United Kingdom to America concentrates on U. The cost of travel was prohibitive and emi-grants were assisted by funds derived from the poor rates and the sale ofpublic lands.
Farmers were more likely to be emi-grating with families than industrial workers from the modernizing sectorsin England who most frequently traveled alone. The database was created from the original U. These indexes, containing approximately 3 million names for the period 1870-1897, will greatly facilitate the task of finding an ancestor's family name, especially when the exact date or port of arrival in the United States is unknown. June 1879-December 1879 -- v. The main difference between emigrant occupations in the first andsecond half of the nineteenth century, however, was that in the second halfof the century a much larger share of emigrants came from the lowest paidoccupations unskilled laborers and farm laborers. In addition to the passenger lists and name indexes, Emigration from the United Kingdom to America includes an introduction to the history of the U. Glazier United Kingdom to America, Volume 2 The Scarecrow Press, Inc.
There was a slight improvement in economicconditions in the United Kingdom between 1880 and 1883 but this was offset by highunemployment in the United States in 1883-1884. Its effect on unemployment and emigration was not felt until 1879. In the post-Famine period, England's industrial revolution progressed and emigration continued to grow between the prosperous 1850's and the mid-1890's. Ports Volume 2July 1870-December 1870 Edited by Ira A. The United States had lost its attraction as aleading destination for British emigration. Glazier Nearly 3 fifths of the emigration from the uk to the United States arrived within the nineteenth century.
The remainder came through Ellis Island between 1900 and 1924. They went to mining counties in Colorado, Nevada, andCalifornia. But it also fol-lowed the path of the early wave of farmers and workers who emigratedto the United States. There was amarked increase in seasonal, temporary, and return migration as a largerproportion of British workers went to jobs in the United States. The share of English-born declined between 1850 and 1890 asfewer emigrants arrived in New York State. July 1875-Februart 1877 -- v.
Each volume also features a complete name index, making it easy to find a particular individual or family name. Poverty did not play a major role inBritish emigration until the 1840s. Finally, the English-born population of New York State increasedby two-thirds between 1850 and 1900 and increased fourfold in New Jer-sey mostly in the old industrial towns of northern New Jersey. Migration reduced population pressure in Europe and pro-vided cheap food and raw materials from the areas of recent settlement. Emigration and internal migration in England and Wales, 1861-1900 Cambridge, 1985 , 212.
March 1877-May 1878 -- v. They assumedthat emigrants came predominantly from rural areas. The percentage of English emigrants in Pacific states increased between1850 and 1890. Previous emigration is an important variable in the emigra-tion process as the stock of emigrants at the new destination exerts a pow-erful influence on those still to follow. January 1871-June 1871 -- v. Emigration from the United Kingdom reached a minimum in 1877 when net emigrationwas 31,305. This volume covers the period January to June 1870.
Theycontained less information and were of poorer quality than U. She has been the first to use ship passenger lists with cen-sus data and local source material to analyze micro-structural aspects of emigration. This series is an invaluable reference work for anyone interested in studying family history or in genealogical research. The balance was the differencebetween emigration and immigration, or return migration, from the UnitedStates. The pioneer work in this field was byCharlotte Erickson who has shown from extensive analysis of samplesfrom the passenger lists that the English emigrants, until the late 1840s,were probably not poor.