Girls who were more physically mature reported being less satisfied with their weight. Accordingly, there has been little attempt to delineate the facets of the environment that may be influential in shaping the expression of self-determination. These associations remained significant once initial levels of self-regulation were taken into account, indicating that the development of self-regulation is open to caregiver influence during childhood. We then examine research on psychosocial adjustment among rural youth, identifying how they are advantaged and disadvantaged relative to other youth. McClelland Wesleyan University Some Social Consequences of Achievement Motivation James Olds McGill University Physiological Mechanisms of Reward Helen Peak University of Michigan Attitude and Motivation Julian B. Kerr Michigan State University Explorations in Juror Emotion and Juror Judgment Joel D. Gaertner University of Delaware Addressing Contemporary Racism: The Common Ingroup Identity Model John F.
Determining the consequences of such societal-level changes for adolescent development presents formidable challenges. The magnitude of the relationship between depressive symptoms and adaptive functioning also remained consistent over time. Miller Yale University Some Reflections on the Law of Effect Produce a New Alternative to Drive Reduction Karl H. These results suggest a potentially important influence of adolescents' future-oriented cognitions on their current behavior and future attainments. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of proxy reports of the age of smoking initiation, and specifically to explore whether there are differences in the consistency of proxy-reported and self-reported smoking behaviors. Method: Participants completed a survey about their deliberative and intuitive decision making style based on the dual-process model , their socioemotional and cognitive control processes based on the neurobiological model , and alcohol use. The significance level was 5%.
Malmo McGill University Measurement of Drive: An Unsolved Problem in Psychology 7 1959 Nebraska Symposium on Motivation Marshall R. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that deliberative decision making and contextual variables were associated with risk behavior concurrently and 1 year later. Adolescents' expected ages of entry into adult family roles predicted their educational attainment and family role transitions in early adulthood. Such work challenges the universal theories of socialization by highlighting cultural differences in understandings of parenting, in parenting behaviors, and in the effects of those behaviors. The over-time increase was not uniform: the increase was most rapid among 26-30 year-old adults, non-Hispanic Black and African American adults, and in Northeastern and Midwestern U. Empirical information on the validity of self-report data, however, tends to be limited to particular topics and populations. Parenting is a critical issue for parents and their adolescent children.
How through what mediating processes do these changes affect adolescent development and well-being? Berman Gustav Jahoda University of Strathclyde, Glasgow Our Forgotten Ancestors Harry C. Family relationship quality in adolescence predicted the levels of connectedness, discord, and specific conflict behaviors youth reported in their adult romantic relationships. Förlag Medarbetare Chao, Ruth K. In addition, several sources of data suggest that these reports are valid. Rural Ethnic Minority Youth and Families in the United States is a valuable resource for researchers and professors, clinicians and related professionals, and graduate students across such disciplines as clinical child, school, and developmental psychology, family studies, social work, and public health. Although motivations to use alcohol have been shown to predict alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, little is known about how drinking motives develop.
Lazarus University of California at Berkeley Emotions and Adaptation: Conceptual and Empirical Relations Justin Aronfreed University of Pennsylvania Aversive Control of Socialization 17 1969 Nebraska Symposium on Motivation William J. Few gender differences were observed in the response to early and double transitions, but those that emerged suggest that girls may be more adversely affected than boys. Simon Carnegie Mellon University The Bottleneck of Attention: Connecting Thought with Motivation Muriel D. Her research interests include sociocultural perspectives of parenting and the family focusing on Asian immigrants. Cromwell University of Rochester Preemptive Thinking and Schizophrenia Research P.
. Motivational processes traditionally focus on affective and cognitive mechanisms that help explain the energy associated with engaging in specific actions Bandura, 2004. Overall, the findings showed that rural adolescents who frequently exhibit prosocial behaviors are less likely to engage in substance use in young adulthood than those who exhibit relatively low levels of prosocial behaviors. Cole David Elkind University of Rochester Cognitive Growth Cycles in Mental Development Langdon E. In the present study we follow that cohort of first graders longitudinally and assess the prognostic value of self-reports of anxious symptoms in first grade with respect to anxious symptoms and adaptive functioning in the late elementary school years or al about age 10. Louis Memory-Skills Training for Older Adults I. Girls exhibited significantly higher levels of self-regulation than did boys at all 3 time points.
Tiffany State University of New York at Buffalo The Functional Significance of Craving in Nicotine Dependence Mathew W. Some curvilinear effects of temperament on prosocial behaviors were also found. Grade 11 and 12 profile membership predicted role transitions in early adulthood. Results: In general, parental support was directly and indirectly related to empathic traits, prosocial moral reasoning, and prosocial behaviors. Her research focuses on adolescent development and well-being with an emphasis on the role of ethnicity.
Gaertner University of Delaware John C. For girls, an additional prominent theme had to do with closeness. In an earlier study of an epidemiologically defined sample of first-grade children, self-reported depressive symptoms proved relatively stable and significantly related to adaptive functioning. Bardo University of Kentucky Biological Connection between Novelty- and Drug-Seeking Motivational Systems Linda P. Boone University of California at Los Angeles Keith H.